- Can you respond positively to an accident or emergency?
- Can you safely spend a night (or more) outside?
Ten Survival Essentials
- Sun protection
- Repair kit/tools
4 Survival Requirements
The 4 critical requirements to survival in order of importance are:
So, you could leave your home with nothing and survive with proper skills.
But, don’t let yourself and your family be in that situation. Be prepared.
Importance of Shelter
Some of the reasons shelter is important in survival situations are:
- Shelter allows you to hide
- Shelter provides protection from those who may mean you harm
- Shelter provides protection from the elements
- Shelter provides protection from animals and insects
- Shelter provides protection from dehydration caused by the sun
- Don’t sleep directly on the ground – it draws out your body heat and those pesky insects and small critters like to bite.
- Make certain your shelter has overhead protection – the night sky draws out your body heat and the sun causes dehydration, burns and heat stroke.
- a tent,
- a Bivvy Bag, or
- a “Lean-To”
Importance of Water
Your body is made up of about 60% of water. Water is needed to keep your body functioning. It regulates your body temperature, rids your body of waste, and lubricates the joints. You can go without water for ~2-4 days depending on weather conditions. 1 week at the absolute most.
Humans lose water in the following three ways:
- Through urine,
- Through exhaling, and
- Through sweating.
You must replace the water you lose.
Importance of Fire
Obviously, fire is important in most (if not all) survival situations, especially outdoors. What you may not realize, are all of the uses for fire, and how beneficial it can be to have a proper and sustainable fire. Some of the uses for fire are:
- boiling water (for water purification)
- water filtration (charcoal made from the fire can be used to filter your water)
- cooking food
- insect and/or predator repellant
- sterilizing utensils
- cauterizing wounds
- staying clean (smoke kills bacteria)
- creating tools
Read more at Urban Survival Site.
- 9 ways to start a fire without matches
- How to create smokeless fire – to hide
- How to create fire for signaling help (SOS)
- How to create fire in the pouring rain
Importance of Food
Adequate Food and water consumption are essential to proper bodily function. If possible, prepare for survival situations by carrying/packing high protein, high fat food options such as:
- No-Bake Chocolate Chia Energy Bars
- Lemon Coconut Energy Balls
- Homemade Lara Bars Mint Chip Brownie
- 10 Food Ideas for Your Bug Out Bag
One can go without food for ~8-21 days (with adequate water). Remember, the rule of 3:
You can survive for:
- 3 minutes without air
- 3 days without water
- 3 weeks without food
Of course, these are generalities, but definitely good basic knowledge to be aware of.
That stated, and this is probably obvious, the longer you go without food, the more your body will have to work and adjust in order to sustain bodily functions and energy. Around the 8-hour mark, your body will begin to adapt as follows:
- Normally, your body breaks down food into glucose (which provides energy to the body).
- After ~8-12 hours, glucose storage is used up, and your body will start to use amino acids to provide energy (which affects your muscles, but can hold you over for about 3 days).
- After ~3 days, your metabolism will start to preserve lean body tissue, and will instead begin relying on fat stores – significant weight loss will occur.
- The more fat stores, the longer you can survive starvation.
- Once the fat stores are used up, your body will go back to breaking down muscle.
Once you’re at that point, you will gradually get weaker and weaker, and you will need to take action as quickly as possible. Your goal is to survive as long as necessary until help can get to you. In order to do that, you need to maintain bodily functions, as well as your strength to the best of your ability.
- Needed – for energy.
- Needed – for the body to preform optimally.
- Needed – to get from Point A to B and beyond.
Read more about how long you can live without food, side effects, and risks at Healthline.